Mary has over 20 years experience as the editor of our Malaysian sister magazine, The Tyreman. Based in Kuala Lumpur, she writes articles for us on the Malaysian and other South East Asian markets.
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The Greek island of Crete was the location for the recent tenth anniversary celebration of Earthmax, BKT’s OTR radial tyre range. Designed to favour enhanced load distribution on the ground for dumpers, wheel loaders, dozers, graders and other multi-purpose vehicles, Earthmax can claim to be a key achievement in BKT’s history.
The event, held from 5-7 June, and attended by BKT dealers and specialist press from around the world, was opened by BKT’s Chairman and Managing Director, Arvind Poddar, who welcomed the audience and outlined the company’s core values, correlating them with the main features of the Earthmax tyres.
“Building and constructing the Palace of Knossos was a great achievement and advancement in ancient times,” he said. “Today we would call it a milestone. Similarly, engineering and building our first Earthmax tyre has been a great achievement and progress in modern times – a milestone in BKT’s history.”
Poddar went on to compare some of the premium features of the Earthmax range with the company’s strategic choices made in the ten years since the range was launched and concluded by drawing reference to BKT’s status as a global player in the off-road market.
“Only big projects go hand in hand with big motives,” he said, “and big motives call for big strength. That is why the dimensions of our tyres are simply “big”. They remind us that nothing is given and easy, since every tyre is the result of tireless research, and a strong desire for improvement. It is also the result of a new challenge that has been taken up for the purpose of having the lead and keeping promises.”
Poddar’s words were continued by BKT’s President and Director of Technology. Dilip Vaidya, who outlined some of the significant investments made by BKT in recent years, and described some of the innovations and new technologies aimed at taking the company to the next level.
Of key importance in this is the company’s plans to enter the Giant OTR segment.
Says Vaidya: “After the development of the 27.00 R49 size in 3 different patterns, namely EARTHMAX SR 45 PLUS, SR 46 and SR 48, we had the opportunity to study the effects of tread design features on tyre performance taking into consideration heat development, heat dissipation, and wear characteristics. This knowledge will be applied for designing optimised tread patterns for 51” and 57” sizes, which are expected to be released in the second quarter 2019 and the second quarter 2020, respectively, thanks to significant investments into new tyre building machinery that is suitable for the sophisticated and complex processes of building Giants.
“The major challenge in Giant Tire Development compared to previous production is the high speed with extraordinarily heavy loads over long distances in addition to extreme lateral forces provoking mechanical stress on belt edges. Coping with these challenges we have reached a stage of advanced engineering, in which the analysis of the entire tyre structure and all features is essential.
For this purpose, tyre simulation by means of ABAQUS FEA - Finite Element Analysis - is applied to work on all tyre components including inner liner, belt, tread and beads, sidewall, carcass and bead fillers plus reinforcements.”
Vaidya went on to outline some of the investments in machinery carried out since OTR All Steel Radial production was moved from the company’s pilot plant in Chopanki to BKT’s state-of-the-art production plant in Bhuj enabling large-scale manufacturing.
For the purpose of improving compound uniformity, seven latest-generation 440 lt-HF mixers have been purchased, providing automated temperature control and enhanced rotation by means of synchronised technology. As a result, the entire compound mixing process is enhanced by optimal specific energy supply leading to ideal silanization.
Another essential purchase from a worldwide leading supplier in this field was a 4-roll calender for steel cord processing, which has enabled the company to calender higher-diameter cords for Giant tyres and which provides the possibility to control top and bottom calendering thickness for best adhesion and improved final quality.
Other significant investments include the purchase of a state-of the-art steel cord cutter and a new tyre building machine with three carcass drums.
BKT have also implemented a specific green tyre building process for Giant tyres to guarantee utmost material cohesion during the several deposition and turning up stages. The movement of packages is performed in such a way that perfect alignment is ensured by means of a transfer ring. Among other features, the machine also provides a specific lamination process for tread and cushion preparation resulting in high-precision tread profiles and improved uniformity.
In other areas Vaidya announced a Joint Research Agreement with KULTEVAT Inc., a leading US biotechnology company that is specialised in the cultivation and processing of TKS Dandelion as a renewable and sustainable alternative for natural rubber.
The agreement involves a first project stage with several sample deliveries for Lab Research by October 2018, whereas stage 2 of the project provides the supply of one metric ton of stabilised TKS Rubber by October 2019.
Last but not least, Vaidya also drew reference to some of the latest developments in terms of tools and support for the OTR sector. These include a tyre pressure monitoring system and SPOTECH, an innovative tool developed by BKT in-house to provide information about a dumper’s exact position as tracked by satellite. The system incorporates an “accelerometer” in the data logger, which is placed on a level part of the dump truck recording latitudinal, longitudinal and vertical motion and forces involved in addition to speed, cycle times, and other parameters.
该活动于6月5日至7日举行，吸引来自世界各地的BKT经销商和媒体。 BKT主席兼董事经理伯德达（Arvind Poddar）负责开幕，他在致欢迎词时讲述了公司的核心价值，并将之与Earthmax轮胎的主要特点做连结。
维迪亚表示：“在开发EARTHMAX SR 45 PLUS、SR 46和SR 48三款轮胎的27.00 R49尺寸后，我们有机会研究胎面设计特征对轮胎性能的影响，同时也考虑到生热、散热和磨损。 这些知识将用在设计51寸和57寸的优化胎面花纹，这些花纹将分别在2019年第二季和2020年第二度发布，这要归功于新轮胎生产机器的大量投资，该机器适合打造生产过程复杂的巨型轮胎。
“跟之前的制造相比，开发巨型轮胎的主要挑战是高速、远距离的超重负荷与极端的侧向力，将为带束层边缘带来机械压力。为了应对这些挑战，我们已经进入先进工程的后期阶段，其中对整个轮胎结构和所有特征的分析至关重要。为此，我们通过ABAQUS FEA – 有限元分析轮胎模拟，用在所有轮胎配件，包括内衬、带束层、胎面和胎圈、胎侧、胎体和胎圈填充物以及强化材料。”
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